Tuesday, May 26, 2020

M Butterfly Essay Topics for Dummies

M Butterfly Essay Topics for Dummies M Butterfly Essay Topics Explained Forced to reside in the actual world, Gallimard's preference for illusion is inadequate. The only constant in your lives it's possible to count on is that you're always changing. Finally, the rhetoric ought to have a life cycle. Change in actions and behaviors are deeply linked to the changes in the phases of life. But What About M Butterfly Essay Topics? While the completely free essays may give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used `as is' because they won't satisfy your assignment's requirements. Pretending your life isn't being affected by anxiety is operating away and naturally, running away brings on adrenaline. Just digest what has been said in this post and you've going on the path to recovery. There are a succession of clues to the reader that Song actually is a guy. Letting the cat from the bag a couple of days earlier than expected will unfortunately impact his very first week sales, as physical CDs weren't available in stores during the first couple of days, but he's still pumped out 363,000 within the very first week, currently sitting around 485,000. There's no difference if you're ill with anxiety. You are able to ascertain the response length by setting the most amount of. As Gallimard says at the start of the drama. What Has to be Done About M Butterfly Essay Topics To produce the wait bearable. So the first thing which you need to do is learn not to attempt to fight them off. There's no opportunity to waste. Well, since the practice is essential to being a master, consequently, you must begin learning beginner's level tricks. There is barely any on-line shopper who's far from PressBuy. However, on the opposite hand for laying options strategies, Tastyworks is definitely the more intuitive provider, thinkorswim a great deal more technical and with a greater learning curve. It is going to keep you safe during practice. Both weather predictions, one based on the whole procedure, another on the part of the data. But, the one difference is it comprises a dull blade that isn't so sharp, which means not dangerous for you. Here in this informative article, we've produced some most-asked questions relating to this wonderful knife. Due to its distinctive look, individuals really like to learn Butterfly Knife Tricks. As knife flipping tricks aren't so simple to do, thus the use of this knife can be quite dangerous for you at an initial stage. Being a real beginner, you should realize that a fan knife is completely unsafe to use, in addition to, it's quite hard to take care of. Generally, a balisong refers to a folding pocket knife that makes it a perfect alternative for many. Nonetheless, aside from its bloody history linked to crime and criminals, butterfly knives are famed for some other very good explanations. The Importance of M Butterfly Essay Topics Second, both insects are quite cute. A butterfly, in the shape of a larva or a caterpillar, eats the utmost sum of food inside this stage. Caterpillars have only one aim, which is to eat a growing number of food. Unique varieties of caterpillars eat various kinds of food. In English we sometimes use the term farfalle to refer to this same sort of pasta. The contemporary German word schmettern ways to smash, but apparently smetern once meant cream in some specific sections of Germany. Both of these words aren't synonyms. The Scandinavian words aren't consistent either. He's attempting to call this counterpublic into action to select the power structures in the united states and rebuild them themselves. The opening conversations of the folks at a party don't specifically state the situation. Its 2012 attack, which caused the compromise of lots of significant fish, was noisy and garnered plenty of attention. But first I have to have out of my own head. Understanding M Butterfly Essay Topics The business because it's today shouldn't be sacrificed for some punts on the future. Regardless of the monumental increase in the entrepreneurial sector, it's correct that not everybody is cut out for entrepreneurship. Therefore, it's a ban in various countries around the planet. A Real Estate company unlike any other centered on the mission of constructing a network of career-minded pros who strive to cultivate their company and their future.

Friday, May 15, 2020

The At The Beat Hotel At Harvard Square - 904 Words

Describe a time in your life when you used music to communicate with an audience outside the traditional setting of the concert hall. What did you learn form the experience? How did this experience influence your approach to music and performance? In order to support my musical studies and make a living, I wait tables at the Beat Hotel in Harvard Square. Beat is not a traditional hotel in the sense of providing temporary living quarters for a period of time. It is a beautiful restaurant space that seats about 170 guests. We function as a brasserie/ live music venue. I have been with the restaurant since its opening 16 months ago. Since then, I have gained quite an appreciation for the live music we provide our guests every evening. All of our performers are local and touring musicians well versed in all musical styles pertaining to jazz, RB, classical, and world music. Many are world renowned performers and teachers at our reputable music institutions such as Longy School of Music of Bard, New England Conservatory, and Berklee College of Music. For example, pianist/composer and improvisational specialist Leo Blanco is one of our main acts at Beat. Working alongside these fantastic musicians make all the difference in turning a stressful and demanding food service position into a trendy, and unique nightclub environment for our staff and clientele. There is no other restaurant like ours, except our sister location, known as the Beehive in the South End. Being an operaShow MoreRelatedPersonal Narrative : My School Day1703 Words   |  7 PagesStopping right in the middle of my driveway, I needed to take a moment to figure out where it was from and what it was for. Once I read the back of the letter, I could not help but start thinking about what I had done to deserve this, it was from Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts. To myself, I thought, â€Å"Did they have the right person and address?† Of course, I knew that was a ludicrous question. Why would they have gotten my address and name correct if it was not meant for me? My heart was racingRead MoreDescriptive Essay About School Day1727 Words   |  7 PagesStopping right in the middle of my driveway, I had to take a moment to figure out wh ere it was from and what it was for. Once I read the back of the letter, I could not help but start thinking about what I had done to deserve this, it was from Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts. I think to myself, â€Å"Did they have the right person and address?† Of course, I knew that was ludicrous question, why would they have gotten my address and name correct if it was not meant for me? My heart was racing,Read MoreAl Capone: One of the Most Ruthless Men of All Time1958 Words   |  8 Pagesgambling, extortion, and protection rackets (Schoenberg 23-25). Al Capone worked at the Harvard Inn as a bartender and a bouncer. One night he tried to pick up a woman that he found attractive, not knowing that her brother was sitting next to her. The brother jumped up and hit Capone in the face. Capone became raged and the other man pulled out a knife and cut Capones face 3 times before he ran out of the Harvard Inn with his sister. This is how Capone earned his nickname , Scarface (Bardsley 7-9)Read More Al Capone: One Of The Most Ruthless Men Of All Time Essay1929 Words   |  8 Pagesgambling, extortion, and protection rackets (Schoenberg 23-25). Al Capone worked at the Harvard Inn as a bartender and a bouncer. One night he tried to pick up a woman that he found attractive, not knowing that her brother was sitting next to her. The brother jumped up and hit Capone in the face. Capone became raged and the other man pulled out a knife and cut Capone’s face 3 times before he ran out of the Harvard Inn with his sister. This is how Capone earned his nickname, Scarface (Bardsley 7-9).Read MoreFour Seasons Goes to Paris10233 Words   |  41 Pagessenior Four Seasons manager In 2002, Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts was arguably the world’s leading operator of luxury hotels, managing 53 properties in 24 countries and delivering what observers called â€Å"consistently exceptional service.† For Four Seasons, that meant providing high -quality, truly personalized service to enable guests to maximize the value of their time, however the guest defined doing so. In 1999, Four Seasons opened the Four Seasons Hotel George V Paris (hereafter, â€Å"F. S. George V†)Read MoreJay-Z Essay6109 Words   |  25 Pagesdrum patterns on the kitchen table. Eventually, she bought him a boom box for his birthday and thus sparked his interest in music. He began freestyling, writing rhymes, and followed the music of many artists popular at the time. It is stated that he beat Busta Rhymes in a rap battle, but also has lost to DMX. On top of that, Bone Thugs-N-Harmony member Bizzy Bone was snatched by his employer and taken to New York to battle Jay-Z; Bizzy reportedly was victorious in the battle[citation needed]. InRead MoreNew York City: History and Landmarks4966 Words   |  20 Pagescities at that time--voted to â€Å"consolidate† with Manhattan to form a five-borough â€Å"Greater New York.† As a result, on December 31, 1897, New York City had an area of 60 square miles and a population of a little more than 2 million people; on January 1, 1898, when the consolidation plan took effect, New York City had an area of 360 square miles and a population of about 3,350,000 people.   The 20th century was an era of great struggle for American cities, and New York was no exception. The constructionRead MoreWal-Mart Research Paper5020 Words   |  21 Pagesand CEO of Wal-Mart, Walton Implemented several vision that would serve as part of Wal-Mart success. Today, there are 624 stores offering a pleasant and convenient shopping experience across the United States. The size of an average store is 108,000 square feet. Each store employs about 225 associates (Walmartstores.com 2012). Wal-Mart aisles and shelves are stocked with a variety of quality, value-priced general merchandise, including: †¢ Family apparel †¢ Electronics †¢ Lawn and garden items †¢ AutomotiveRead MoreWalmart In 200311485 Words   |  46 Pages2003 President and Fellows of Harvard College. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, call 1-800-545-7685, write Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, MA 02163, or go to http://www.hbsp.harvard.edu. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, used in a spreadsheet, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the permission of Harvard Business School. This documentRead MoreHbr When Your Core Business Is Dying74686 Words   |  299 PagesHeineman, Jr. How do you keep thousands of employees, operating in hundreds of countries, as honest as they are competitive? General Electric’s longtime general counsel describes the systems the company has put in place to do just that. 78 90 4 Harvard Business Review | April 2007 | hbr.org Cover Art: Joshua Gorchov continued on page 8 APRIL 2007 14 Departments 12 COMPANY INDEX 14 FROM THE EDITOR 53 2006 MCKINSEY AWARDS AND 2007 MCKINSEY JUDGES 20 What the Boss

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

CSR Program Proposal for Columbia Bank - 1238 Words

MEMORANDUM Subject: CSR Program Proposal for Columbia Bank This memorandum proposes a corporate social responsibility program for Columbia Bank with a focus on student loan debt in our community. This CSR program could be implemented in addition to the community and customer events currently arranged on the branch level. Columbia Bank, and the local communities we serve, would greatly benefit from offering a CSR program that focuses on educating high school students, college students, parents and any potential borrower on the long-term implications of excessive student loan debt. Student Loan Debt and Our Community The first sentence of our mission statement reads, â€Å"We will increase shareholder value and enrich the communities we†¦show more content†¦Mortgages Second, Columbia Bank could potentially issue more home mortgages to individuals with little to no student loan debt. A Consumer Financial Protection Bureau report (2013) states, â€Å"According to the National Association of Realtors, Americans between the ages of 25 and 34 made up 27 percent of all homebuyers in 2011, the lowest share in the past decade. That percentage represents a 25 percent decline year-over-year from 2010 (para. 8).† This decline is negatively correlated with the increase in student loan debt among that age group. Car Loans According to Brown and Caldwell (2013), 25-year-olds who have student loan debt are now dramatically less likely to incur automobile debt compared to those without student loan debt. Historically, individuals with student loan debt had three to four percent more automobile debt than those without student loan debt (para. 9). This is impacting the number of applicants who may otherwise be interested in our automobile loans services. Small Business Loans Small business loans are an opportunity area for Columbia Bank as well. Aspiring young entrepreneurs can be rejected for these types of loans due to a large debt to income ratio or low credit scores. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2013), â€Å"The Small Business Administration’s Startup America initiative advises young entrepreneurs to lower their student loan payments by taking advantage of anShow MoreRelatedThe Proposed Corporate Social Responsibility1329 Words   |  6 Pagesthe community. The proposed corporate social responsibility (CSR) program aims to reduce the homeless population in the region by implementing a financial education program in homeless shelters. Background According to Metropolitan Washington Council of Government (COG), as of 2014, there are 11,946 homeless individuals inhabit in Washington Metropolitan area. This region consists of Alexandria, Arlington Country, District of Columbia, Frederick Country, Loudoun Country, Montgomery Country, PriceRead MoreThe Myth of Csr5260 Words   |  22 PagesThe Myth of CSR The problem with assuming that companies can do well while also doing good is that markets don’t really work that way By Deborah Doane Stanford Social Innovation Review Fall 2005 Copyright  © 2005 by Leland Stanford Jr. University All Rights Reserved DO NOT COPY Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015 Ph: 650-725-5399. Fax: 650-723-0516 Email: info@ssireview.com, www.ssireview.com ~ DO NOT DISTRIBUTE ~ FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY ~ Read MoreArticle: Performance Appraisal and Performance Management35812 Words   |  144 Pageset al. 1981). By using a formal system performance appraisals have many advantages if they are designed and implemented properly. Not only in reward allocation, promotion/demotions, layoffs/recalls, transfers and selecting training and development program for employees but it may also assist individual employee‟s decisions regarding career choices and the subsequent direction of individual time and effort. Additionally, performance appraisals may increase employee‟s commitment and satisfaction (WieseRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words   |  269 Pagesand the end-of-book skill-building exercises and simulations on the Online Learning Center complete the package. To help instructors teach international management, this text is accompanied by a revised and expanded Instructor’s Resource Manual, Test Bank, and PowerPoint Slides, all of which are available passwor d protected on the Online Learning Center at www.mhhe. com/luthans8e. Two other innovations new to the eighth edition are an additional case, Nokia Targets the Base of the Pyramid, availableRead MoreProject on Risk Management46558 Words   |  187 PagesA Summer Training Project Report on â€Å"RISK MANAGEMENT BY INDUSIND BANK LTD.† Undertaken at INDUSIND BANK, AGRA 10th April to 10th June 2009 Submitted by SUBODH AGARWAL Enrollment no. : 4108163163 Read MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pagesimpressive international growth of an Irish company driven from a ‘lean’ corporate centre. Numico – difficulties with diversification for a Dutch nutritional products company. AIB – competing in the global banking industry: the challenges for a mid-size bank. SABMiller – an African brewer takes on the world: learning to thrive in difficult circumstances. MacPac – from a New Zealand start-up to internationalisation in the outdoor equipment industry. Key: ââ€" Ã¢â€"  = major focus ââ€"  = important subsidiary focus Read MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pages Cross Reference of Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) Concepts to Text Topics Chapter 1 Modern Project Management Chapter 8 Scheduling resources and cost 1.2 Project defined 1.3 Project management defined 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 2.1 The project life cycle (.2.3) App. G.1 The project manager App. G.7 Political and social environments F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1] 6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] Setting a resource schedule ResourceRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages52 Intellectual Abilities 52 †¢ Physical Abilities 55 †¢ The Role of Disabilities 56 Implementing Diversity Management Strategies 56 Attracting, Selecting, Developing, and Retaining Diverse Employees 56 †¢ Diversity in Groups 58 †¢ Effective Diversity Programs 58 Summary and Implications for Managers 60 S A L Self-Assessment Library What’s My Attitude Toward Older People? 40 Myth or Science? â€Å"Dual-Career Couples Divorce Less† 47 An Ethical Choice Religious Tattoos 51 glOBalization! Images of DiversityRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesfocuses on performance measurement, evaluation, and incentives in the context of creative industries. Lawrence A. Gordon is the Ernst Young Alumni Professor of Managerial Accounting and Infor- mation Assurance, and the Director of the Ph.D. Program at the Robert H. Smith School of Business. He is also an Affiliate Professor in the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies. Dr Gordon earned his Ph.D. in Managerial Economics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. His researchRead MoreCase Study148348 Words   |  594 Pagesmaterial: Johnson Gerry, Whittington Richard, Scholes Kevan - Exploring Strategy Instructors Manual on the Web... We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material: Tables Table 14.1 adapted from ‘Why change programs don t produce change’, Harvard Business Review, November to December (Beer et al; 1990) In some instances we have been unable to trace the owners of copyright material, and we would appreciate any information that would enable us to do so. 6

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black Americ Essay Example For Students

Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black Americ Essay aIt is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way that the criminal justice system deals with Blacks during the history of the United States. Blacks have not always been afforded a right to trial, not to mention a fair one. Additionally, for years, Blacks were unable to serve on juries, clearly affecting the way both Blacks and whites were tried. Much of this improvement has been achieved through various court decisions, and other improvements have been made through federal and state legislatures. Despite these facts, the development of the legal system with regard to race seems to have become stagnant. Few in this country would argue with the fact that the United States criminal justice system possesses discrepancies which adversely affect Blacks in this country. Numerous studies and articles have been composed on the many facets in which discrimination, or at least disparity, is obvious. Even whites are forced to admit that statistics indicate that the Black co mmunity is disproportionately affected by the American legal system. Controversy arises when the issue of possible causes of, and also solutions to, these variations are discussed. Although numerous articles and books have been published devising means by which to reduce variance within the system, the most recent, and probably most contentious, is that of Paul Butler, Associate Professor of Law, George Washington University Law School, and former Special Assistant United States Attorney in the District of Columbia. Butlers thesis, published in an article in the Yale Law Journal, is that for pragmatic and political reasons, the black community is better off when some nonviolent lawbreakers remain in the community rather than go to prison. The decision as to what kind of conduct by African-Americans ought to be punished is better made by African-Americans themselves.1 The means by which Butler proposes for Blacks to implement these decisions is termed jury nullification. By placing the race of the defendant above the facts of the case, and thus producing either an acquittal or a hung jury, Butler hopes that Blacks will be able to keep a large portion of Black ma les out of prison. Although several commentators have voiced criticisms with the ideas of Professor Butler, most of these criticisms focus on what is best for the American legal system, what legal precedents dictate, or as is most often the case, on what is right. It is, however, negligent to simply focus on these issues when examining the proposal of Professor Butler. Instead criticism and analysis must be based upon what is best for the Black community in this country. From this perspective it becomes clear that although race-based jury nullification has many attractive features, it must be modified to be truly beneficial. The first step in analyzing Butlers conception of jury nullification is to examine problems which Butler claims cause a need for a solution. These problems are flaws in the criminal justice system, intrinsic or otherwise, which present themselves as disparities in treatment of whites and Blacks. In any policy discussion, formulation of a plausible and effective solution clearly mus t be based upon the nature of the problem. Butler lists many examples of racism in the criminal justice system, but many are simply specific cases meant to illustrate his point. Although these cases are important, they are nearly impossible to discuss in a general examination of discrimination in the justice system because specific cases do not necessarily entail widespread discrimination. However, Butler does cite past and contemporary administration of the death penalty, disparities between punishments for white-collar crimes and punishments for other crimes, more severe penalties for crack cocaine users than for powder cocaine users, and the high rate of incarceration of African-American men.2 All arguments regarding Butlers thesis must be framed within the context of these problems, if not directly addressing them. Although Butler lists it last, he does note that the problem of high incarceration rates among Black males is the one noted most frequently. This problem is one which is essential to the discussion of jury nullification, and should be explored specifically for a number of reasons. First, whatever the reason, the number of Black men in prison is frighteningly high. One out of every twelve black males in their 20s is in prison or jail. Additionally, there are seven Black males in prison for every one white male.3 More than half of all black males are under the supervision of the justice system in some way.4 These two factors indicate a very important trend. A high number of black males are in prison, and many more black males are in prison than white males. This would definitely lead a reasonable person to assume at least some measure of discrimination within the criminal justice system. Secondly, and perhaps more significantly, the high rate of incarceration, upon further examination, leads to conclusions about its causes which then shed light on the discussion of jury nullification. The first step in examining this phenomenon is to examine what role racism plays in the high rate. There are several levels within the system at which discrimination could occur.The initial contact which anyone has with the justice system is with the police. The police are the institution which serve as a gateway to the legal system, and thus it is only logical to look here first. First, in 1984 almost 46% of those arrested for violent crimes were Black, while Blacks constitute only about 12% of the national population on the whole. 5 Overall, Blacks are twice as likely to be arrested when compared to whites.6 This data could be construed to mean simply that Blacks commit more crimes than whites. Although this may be true, the argument that police behavior is undistorted by racial discrimination flatly contradicts most studies, which reveal what many police officers freely admit: that police use race as an independently significant, if not determinative, factor in deciding whom to fo llow, detain, search, or arrest.7Despite the fact that discrimination may exist among police, the arrest figures still do not account for the vast disparity in incarceration rates. So other aspects of the criminal justice system must be examined. Another level in which discrimination can be claimed is that of the prosecutor. Because prosecutors have such enormous discretion when deciding which charges to file, which penalties to seek, and which cases to prosecute, there are many instances in which a prosecutors racism can be turned into discrimination against a defendant. Indeed, statistical studies indicate that prosecutors are more likely to pursue full prosecution, file more severe charges, and seek more stringent penalties in cases involving minority defendants than in cases involving nonminority defendants.8This discrimination becomes even more evident, and disturbing, when examining the death penalty. A study in Georgia found that in matched cases, prosecutors sought the death penalty in 70 percent of the cases in which a Black killed a white, and 15 percent of the cases in which a white killed a Black.9 Although these numbers cannot be extrapolated to indict the entire nations prosecutors, other figures do indicate vast disparity. In McCleskey v. Kemp, the defendant introduced a comprehensive, multiple regression analysis of the death penalty, done by Professor David Baldus. The study controlled for 230 independent variables, and indicated that race is by far the most important factor in whether a defendant receives the death penalty. It also found that Black killers of white victims are far more likely than white killers of Black victims to receive the death penalty.10 Although the Court upheld the death penalty, it only did so because of precedent which states that discrimination must be proved through demonstration of intent, and not just results.This disparity is reflected in the number of Black death row inmates. The NAACP Legal Defense fund report s that nearly 39 percent of the inmates on death row in the 35 states in which the death penalty is used. It also found that of all federal death row inmates, 67 percent are Black.11Despite the fact that these statistics are startling and important, they are insufficient to justify race-based jury nullification at face value. First, the studies of Dean Alfred Blumstein of Carnegie-Mellon and of Joan Petersilia of the RAND Corporation conclude that about 80 percent of the black overrepresentation in prison can be explained by differential involvement in crime and about 20 percent by subsequent racially discriminatory processes.12 Twenty percent is definitely significant and does deserve action, but it is not as high of a number as some might speculate, and therefore might dictate a more moderate solution. This will be discussed further later. Second, the crime and delinquency rates of incarceration, and rates of arrest and of victimization of those who move away from these slums are indistinguishable from whites of the same social class.13 This fact suggests that socioeconomic factors are very important in the existence of crime. Butler argues that the this fact is simply more impetus for the implementation of his plan. He asserts that discrimination and segregation deprive Blacks of adequate opportunity to improve their social and economic standing. He describes a radical critique, by which he states he is persuaded, in which the radical critic deduces that but for the (racist) environment, the African-American criminal would not be a criminal.14 Certainly this is a compelling argument. It is not clear, however, exactly how economic inequalities cause crime. Logic would certainly support the idea that Blacks, faced with stark living conditions, would commit crime either to strike back at whites or to attain more wealth. There are several problems with this idea, however. First, many crimes are unrelated, if not contrary, to acquisition of wealth. Not all murde rs are committed over material goods, and assuredly drug use in no way is helpful to the attainment of financial security. Second, to assume that crime is dictated by social or psychological purposes is to ignore that fact that in most cases commission of criminal acts is governed by the proximity, ease, and convenience of reward. In short, crime is an ill-conceived mechanism for the redistribution of wealth or for the extraction of revenge on ones oppressors, and no racial or ethnic group believes otherwise.15 Once again, the merits of jury nullification in alleviating these problems will be discussed, as will other solutions, later. The True Tragic Hero in Sophocles Antigone EssayThe question, then, is how can progress be made? One significant omission on Butlers part is a set of goals or requests which would make Butlers intentions clearly known. The only goal which Butler discusses is the release of Black males into the community. He even neglects analysis of possible changes which he would hope to instigate through jury nullification. Inclusion of specific reforms which would be desired would have two positive effects. First, it would help to avoid white backlash. By demonstrating that jury nullification had specific purposes, Butler would deflect criticism that the plan is simply a racially selfish scheme to keep Blacks from receiving punishment. Explicit goals would also make it clear to the public that there are discriminatory practices which Butler wishes to end. Second, only by explaining what jury nullification is meant to accomplish can the government be expected to reform the criminal justice system . This is especially true if the goals include public policy changes not directly related to the legal system, such as the elimination of discriminatory housing practices or augmentation of job training programs. Then, if jury nullification proves effective, and the government is forced to some concessions, Blacks will benefit much more than just from the release of Black males. Clearly, Blacks have much more to expect from public policy and the criminal justice system than they currently experience. Discrimination, to at least some extent, occurs at almost every level of the system. Although there is no way to be sure whether racism, socioeconomics, or some other mysterious factor is to blame for the high level of Black incarceration, clearly something ought to change. Jury nullification, despite some gaps in Butlers explanation and justification, is one of the only methods by which Blacks can hope to affect change. Even if Paul Butler accomplishes nothing else, he can reasonably expect to achieve one goal: raising awareness of race in criminal justice. As Butler states in the conclusion of his article, Perhaps, when policy makers acknowledge that race matters in criminal justice, the criminal law can benefit from the successes and failures of race consciousness in other areas of the law To get criminal justice past the middlepoint, I hope that the Essay wi ll facilitate a dialogue among all Americans in which the significance of race will not be dismissed or feared, but addressed.271 See Paul Butler, Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System, 105 Yale Law Review No. 3. This article was retrieved using LEXIS, thus no specific page numbers are available. The page range of the article was originally 677-725. 2 Id. 3 See Norval Morris, Race and Crime: What evidence is There That Race Influences Results in the Criminal Justice System?, 72 Judicature No.2, (1988) at 112. 4 Butler, supra note 1. 5 See Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 25 (106th edition, 1986). 6 Morris, supra note 3. 7 See 101 Harvard Law Review (1988)at 1472. 8 See Harvard Law Review at 1520. 9 Morris, supra note 3. 10 See McCleskey v. Kemp, 107 Supreme Court (1987). 11 See Coramae Richey Mann, Unequal Justice (1993) at 202-3. 12 Morris, supra note 3. 13 Morris, supra note 3. 14 Butler, supra note 1. 15 Michael R. Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi, A General Theory of Crime (1990), at 152. 16 Butler, supra note 1. 17 See William Julius Wilson, The Truly Disadvantaged: the inner city, the underclass, and public policy (1990), at 91. 18 See Kate Stith, The Government Interest in Criminal Law: Whose Interest Is It, Anyway?, Public Values in Constitutional Law (Stephen E. Gottlieb ed., 1993), at 137, 15819 Randall Kennedy, The State, Criminal Law, and Racial Discrimination: A Comment, 107 Harvard Law Review (1994), at 1262. 20 Morris, supra note 3. 21 Morris, supra note 3. 22 See Douglas S. Massey, Americas Apartheid and the Urban Underclass, Social Service Review (December 1994), at 480. 23 Butler, supra note 1. 24 Michael Vitiello, Reconsidering Rehabilitation, 65 Tulane Law Review (1991). 25 Benjamin A. Holden, Laurie P. Cohen, and Eleena De Lisser, Does Race Affect Juries? Injustice with Verdicts, Chicago Sun-Times (October 8, 1995) at 28. 26 Butler, supra note 1. 27 Butler, supra note 1. Category: Law

Thursday, March 12, 2020

A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison

A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison The following summarizes one of the best-known  examples of the Indian Captivity Narrative.  It was written in 1823 by James E. Seaver from interviews with Mary Jemison, a Scots-Irish woman who was taken by the Seneca during a raid when she was twelve and adopted by a Native family.  Its important to remember, when reading it, that such narratives were often exaggerated and sensational, but, paradoxically, also depicted Native Americans in more human and humane ways than other documents of the time tended to. The original narrative is available in whole at several other sources: A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary JemisonA Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison - Google BooksA Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison - Project Gutenberg Note: in this summary, words from the original which are now considered disrespectful  are used, to preserve historical accuracy of the book. From the front material: An Account of the Murder of her Father and his Family; her sufferings; her marriage to two Indians; her troubles with her Children; barbarities of the Indians in the French and Revolutionary Wars; the life of her last Husband, c.; and many Historical Facts never before published.Carefully taken from her own words, Nov. 29th, 1823. Preface: The author describes what is for him the importance of biography, then details his sources: mostly interviews with the then-80-year-old Mrs. Jemison. Introduction: Seaver describes some of the history which his audience may or may not have known, including the Peace of 1783, the wars with the French and Indians, the American Revolutionary War, and more. He describes the Mary Jemison as she came to the interviews. Chapter 1: Tells of the ancestry of Mary Jemison, how her parents came to America and settled in Pennsylvania, and an omen foreshadowing her captivity. Chapter 2: Discusses her education, then a description of the raid where she was taken captive and her early days of captivity. It narrates her memories of her mothers parting words, the murder of her family after she was separated from them, her encounter of the scalps of her family members, how the Indians evaded their pursuers, and the arrival of Jemison, a young white man, and a white boy with the Indians at Fort Pitt. Chapter 3: After the young man and boy are given to the French, Mary is given to two squaws. She journeys down the Ohio River, and arrives at a Seneca town where she is officially adopted and receives a new name.  She describes her work and how she learns the Seneca language while preserving knowledge of her own. She goes to Sciota on a hunting tour, returns, and is taken back to Fort Pitt, but returned to the Indians, and feels her hopes of Liberty destroyed.  In time, Mary returns to Sciota then to Wishto, where she marries a Delaware, develops an affection for him, gives birth to her first child who dies, recovers from her own illness, then gives birth to a son she names Thomas Jemison. Chapter 4: Mary and her husband go from Wishto to Fort Pitt. In this section, she contrasts the lives of white and Indian women. She describes interactions with the Shawnees and her travel up the Sandusky. She sets out for Genishau  while her husband goes to Wishto. She describes her relationships with her Indian brothers and sisters and her Indian mother. Chapter 5: The Indians go to fight the British at Niagara, and return with prisoners who are sacrificed. Her husband dies. John Van Cise tries to ransom her.  She narrowly escapes several times, and her brother first threatens her, then brings her home. She marries again, and the chapter ends with her naming her children. Chapter 6: Finding twelve or fifteen years of peace, she describes the life of the Indians, including their celebrations, form of worship, their business and their morality.  She describes a treaty made with the Americans (who are still British citizens), and the promises made by the British commissioners and the reward from the British.  Indians break the treaty by killing a man at Cautega, then take prisoners at Cherry Valley and ransom them at Beards Town.  After a battle at Fort Stanwix [sic], the Indians mourn their losses.  During the American Revolution, she describes how Col. Butler and Col. Brandt used her home as a base for their military operations. Chapter 7: She describes Gen. Sullivans march on the Indians and how it affects the Indians. She goes to Gardow for a time. She describes a severe winter and the suffering of the Indians, then the taking of some prisoners, including an old man, John OBail, married to and Indian woman. Chapter 8: Ebenezer Allen, a Tory, is the subject of this chapter. Ebenezer Allen comes to Gardow after the Revolutionary War, and her husband responds with jealousy and cruelty. Allens further interactions include bringing goods from Philadelphia to Genesee.  Allens several wives and business affairs, and finally his death. Chapter 9: Mary is offered her freedom by her brother, and permitted to go to her friends, but her son Thomas is not permitted to go with him. So she chooses to stay with the Indians for the remainder of my days. Her brother travels, then dies, and she mourns his loss. Her title to her land is clarified, subject to restrictions as Indian land. She describes her land, and how she leased it out to white people, to better support herself. Chapter 10: Mary describes her mostly happy life with her family, and then the sad enmity that develops between her sons John and Thomas, with Thomas considering John a witch for marrying two wives. While drunk, Thomas  often fought with  John  and threatened him, though their mother tried to counsel them, and John finally killed his brother during a fight. She describes the Chiefs trial of John, finding Thomas the first transgressor. Then she reviews his life, including telling how his second son by his fourth and last wife attended Dartmouth College in 1816, planning to study medicine. Chapter 11: Mary Jemisons husband Hiokatoo died in 1811 after four years of illness, estimating him at 103 years of age. She tells of his life and the battles and wars in which he fought.   Chapter 12: Now an elderly widow, Mary Jemison is saddened that her son John begins fighting with his brother Jesse, Marys youngest child and the main support of his mother, and she describes how John comes to murder Jesse.   Chapter 13: Mary Jemison describes her interactions with a cousin, George Jemison, who came to live with his family on her land in 1810, while her husband was still alive. Georges father, had emigrated to America after his brother, Marys father, was killed and Mary taken captive. She paid his debts and gave him a cow and some pigs, and also some tools. She also loaned him one of her son Thomas cows. For eight years, she supported the Jemison family. He convinced her to write a deed for what she thought was forty acres, but she later found out that it actually specified 400, including land that didnt belong to Mary but to a friend. When he refused to return Thomas cow to one of Thomas sons, Mary decided to evict him. Chapter 14: She described how her son John, a doctor among the Indians, went to Buffalo and returned. He saw what he thought was an omen of his death, and, on a visit to Squawky Hill, quarreled with two Indians, starting a brutal fight, ending with the two of them killing John. Mary Jemison had a funeral after the manner of the white people for him. She then describes more of Johns life. She offered to forgive the two who killed him if they would leave, but they would not.  One killed himself, and the other lived in the Squawky Hill community until his death. Chapter 15: In 1816, Micah Brooks, Esq, helps her confirm the title of her land.  A petition for Mary Jemisons naturalization was submitted to the state legislature, and then a petition to Congress. She details further attempts to transfer her title and lease her land, and her wishes for disposal of waht remains in her possession, at her death. Chapter 16: Mary Jemison reflect on her life, including what the loss of liberty meant, how she took care of her health, how other Indians cared for themselves. She describes a time when it was suspected she was a witch.   I have been the mother of eight children; three of whom are now living, and I have at this time thirty-nine grand children, and fourteen great-grand children, all living in the neighborhood of Genesee River, and at Buffalo. Appendix: Sections in the appendix deal with: Devils Hole battle in 1763General Sullivans Expedition in 1779Seneca traditions about their origins and languageIndian religion, feasts, the great sacrificeIndian dances: the war dance and the peace danceIndian governmentthe Six Nationscourtship, marriage, divorcefamily governmentfuneralscredulity: belief in spirits, witches, etc.farming by Indian womenIndian ways of computing time and keeping recordsanecdotesdescription of the Genesee river and its banksa hunting anecdote

Monday, February 24, 2020

Business Organization Project Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Business Organization Project - Essay Example The limited liability partnership model is the business model where all partners work almost independently and one partner maintains least responsibility of the acts and behaviors of the others; hence it is the type of some independent work activities and partners only share the part of income and expenditure of their place of work. The Limited Liability Company (LLC) has been devised as a way to allow the formation of a company, which allows the direct pass-through of income to the owners without the potential for double taxation. (Retrieved from offshoreinc.net) The company will enter into contract with construction companies and will order them construction of the houses twice a month. Civic consultants itself will make its renovation according to the latest fashion designs as well as on the requirements of the clients. The staff members and limited partners will supervise the construction and renovation process turn by turn. As soon as the renovation is complete, it would be adve rtised in the classified pages of newspapers and magazines, which would capture the attention of the buyers. A sales team will be trained or hired for this purpose, which must have dexterity and command over sales phenomenon. On the basis of the sale of one house, the payment of the second house will be made. Sales staff upholds the most dominant place in the development and growth of corporate firms, organizations and their products as well. There takes place nothing in a business in reality until and unless a sale is made or conducted. It is the sales phenomenon that gives a go to the establishment of various positions and departments within a corporate company or organizational structure. Companies allocate huge resources and stipulate significant ratio of their annual budgets to their advertising plan in order to enhance their sales on the basis of which they can increase